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Universit de Bretagne Occidentale (UBO), UMR 6538 Domaine Ocanique, 6 avenue Le Gorgeu - CS 93837, 29238 Brest Cedex 3 (France) Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, The University of Kansas, 1200 Sunnyside Avenue, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 (USA) Lebanese University, Faculty of Science II, Fanar, Natural Sciences Department, Fanar - El-Matn, P. Box 26110217 (Lebanon) Lebanese University, Faculty of Science II, Fanar, Natural Sciences Department, Fanar - El-Matn, P. Box 26110217 (Lebanon) GEGENA EA 3795, UFR de Sciences exactes et naturelles, Universit de Reims, 2 esplanade Roland-Garros, 51100 Reims (France); present address: 5 rue du Moulin Rouge, 77140 Saint-Pierre-ls-Nemours (France) Instituto de Geologa, Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacn, 04510, Mxico, D. (Mexico) Published online in final form (pdf) on November 14, 2014[Editor: Robert W." is a prominent cliff, consisting mostly of Lower Cretaceous limestones that extends as linear outcrops over most of the Lebanese territory and provides geologists a remarkable reference for stratigraphic studies.The microfossil assemblages are compared with those of the Persian Gulf, because both areas belong to the same tectonic plate, i.e., the Arabian Plate. Table 1: Summary of the attributed terminology to the Jezzinian and its surrounding units over the period 1847 to date.
2 ) and the background of the waterfalls at Jezzine (Fig. This stratigraphical unit required a full re-evaluation as, for instance, (1947) stated that it consists of a "calcaire rcifal blanc" [a white reefal limestone], an assumption that is not consistent with our field observations and the scarcity of corals.However due partly to the recent updates in the definitions and our understanding of the Barremian , Bedoulian and Aptian  stages and substages in their historical stratotypic areas these old datings should be fully reconsidered. Figure 1: A simplified map of Lebanon showing the Jezzinian Regional Stage in green. Number labels refer to the metrics from the road section.Localities cited in the publication: Click on thumbnail to enlarge the image. A: Nowadays view; B: Front cover of a XIXth Century edition of the book "Views in Bible lands. After summing up the notes of earlier authors (, 1970, 1972), we propose herein a new holostratigraphic definition for this unit, i.e., a definition based on our faciological, lithostratigraphical, sequential, and paleontological analyses.Typiquement sud-tthysiennes, elles facilitent les corrlations holostratigraphiques haute rsolution avec la rgion du Golfe persique, sur le ct oriental de la Plaque arabique.L'intervalle Jezzinien correspond ainsi la partie suprieure de l'Étage Rgional Kharaibien (aussi connu comme unit rservoir "Thamama II" dans l'industrie ptrolire).